During an emergency, in the event of an earthquake or flood, you must be ready to immediately leave your home with sufficient equipment to overcome the impact of the first 24 hours of a catastrophic event. This in order for a single family to be able to afford little difficulties but if that situation is multiplied by a thousand, ten thousand or a hundred thousand times it could become unsustainable. The Civil Defense Pillars, for example, use similar concepts to get to a place and restore everything that is strictly necessary for life to continue with dignity. The European Commission, inspired by the indications of FEMA (US Federal Agency for Civil Protection) has published a simple infographic in collaboration with the International Federation of the Red Cross that takes into account the twenty things that must always be present into a grab backpack, that must always be kept in an easily accessible place before evacuation from your home.

The backpacks must be one for each member of the family. Clearly in the presence of small children the material must be divided between the parents, but if the child can carry a backpack, the responsibility of a device only for children is a useful game tool to prevent the tragic consequences of the events which could seriously affect a very young and sensitive mind.

  • Copies of personal documents
  • Emergency contacts and family members
  • USB pen drive with the most important documents (documents and health data sheets)
  • Copy of house and car keys
  • Cash money (even 100 euros are sufficient)
  • Map of the surrounding places (the places after an earthquake could be uneasily recognizable)
  • Drinking water (at least 1 liter in each backpack)
  • First aid kit
  • Battery-operated or spring-loaded torch
  • Material for sanitation and personal hygiene (disinfectant gel, soap and a towel)
  • Long shelf-life foods (chocolate, honey, biscuits)
  • Generic medicines and copy of recipes for particular drugs (e.g. cardio aspirin)
  • Lighters (at least 2)
  • Multi-purpose pocket knife (typical Swiss army type)
  • Spare batteries (at least 4)
  • A portable radio to be updated on communications to the population
  • Blocknotes with emergency or evacuation plan (who to notify, who to call, who to refer to)
  • A cell phone with solar cell battery charger or spare batteries
  • Few small games for children