It had been announced as the year of earthquakes and according to the experts’ forecasts the year 2018 proved to be characterized by a constant increase both in the number and in the intensity of the earthquake events on the entire globe.
In particular, the large area of the so-called Ring of Fire in the Pacific Ocean has shown a notably increased activity and is kept under careful control by the scientific community.
The Ring of Fire is an area relatively close to the coastal areas of Oceania, Asia and the Americas within the Pacific Ocean that has always been characterized by frequent earthquakes. It is estimated that this zone is every year the theater of 90% of seismic events all over the world, therefore marked by an intrinsic geological instability.
Volcanic eruptions are also very frequent in this portion of the earth’s crust, which in its extension of about 40,000 km collects 452 volcanoes, many of which are active. All phenomena related to seismic activity such as tsunamis are consequently often concentrated in this zone.
In countries located along the Ring of Fire, the question to ask is not whether a natural disaster will occur, but when it will occur.
In the perspective of a conscious prevention, to be prepared in an organized way is everything. The organizations and communities delegated in the various Countries to the protection of the population and to the management of emergencies have among their duties the task of studying and planning intervention actions and training specialized personnel.
In 2018, not only a rapid series of uninterrupted earthquakes occurred along most of the Ring of Fire, but also Mount Mayon in the Philippines spewed ash into the sky for over a month. The eruption of Mount Sinabung, in Indonesia, was seen from space and Guatemala’s Fuego volcano killed more than 100 people in June.
These recent events once again highlight the need to equip buildings with devices designed for rapid evacuation, especially evacuation chairs.
In the event of an earthquake, elevators are often out of service and it is strongly discouraged to use them, therefore the evacuation on stairs remains the only safe way to go.